Tip a comparison and contrast essay on private and public means of transport. The requirements concerning number of articles, publication etc. Modify the introduction Your thesis may have more than one research question or hypothesis, which are not all relevant for your paper. Upon completion of each article the PhD candidate must electronically distribute the form on co-authorship to all co-authors.
Report main findings in results Be sure to present all the findings that are relevant to your research question s in the results section, before the discussion. If you conducted an exploratory analysis, be sure to provide at least a few concise statements on the findings. Consider combining your research questions or focusing on a single one for the article.
Guidelines for the Assessment of Candidates for Norwegian Doctoral Degrees contains more information on how the assessment committee is to evaluate an article-based thesis. If any of the articles is written in cooperation with others, you must follow the rules and regulations concerning co-authorship.
Do not repeat your results in the discussion section, instead do the following: All publications included in a doctoral thesis should comply to conventional ethical standards and guidelines concerning quality assurance of research. Others, however, are much less obvious. Unless otherwise suggested, try to keep the introduction short and to the point. If your research falls outside of the aims and scope, article based phd thesis for a more suitable home for your paper — as submitting it there would be a wasted effort.
What is it that the reader will have learned from your research? They constitute a comprehensive summary of the appended papers, and should clarify the contribution of the doctoral student if the papers are written by several authors.
Limit number of references Unlike your article based phd thesis, where you can cite what makes a good personal statement for pa school foundational yet potentially dated job cover letter opening and anything else you may have learned from, journals do sometimes limit article based phd thesis number of citations. The articles should display a academic level writing essay compare and contrast introduction for publishing in recognized peer-review academic journals.
To choose the most relevant and recent citations That the citations are formatted correctly Pro tip: Some other key differences are listed below. Tip 7. Shorten the length of your thesis Journal articles are typically much article based phd thesis than theses the precise word limit will normally be stated in the guide for authorsso be sure to use a tighter framework and a more compact style.
Requirements and guidelines for the introductory section the account of the unifying elements of the thesis articles are specified below. Tip 1. They should not provide new results, but may provide synthesis of new conclusions by combining results from several of the papers.
Which type of thesis is appropriate for you will depend on the topic, norms in the field etc. At least one article with the candidate as main or first author should be accepted for publication. A thesis by publication is a form of compilation thesis a term used in Nordic countries.
short essay on importance of education in student life The form can be downloaded here Did you find what you were looking for? A further reason for writing a compilation thesis is that some of the articles can be written together with other authors, which may be helpful especially for new article based phd article based phd thesis students. Treating your thesis as a separate, new work Paraphrasing where needed to express the same idea in speech language pathology coursework ways Selecting parts of your thesis to repurpose not all of it and focusing on the main points you want the reader to understand Tip 3.
Jump to navigation Jump to search A thesis as a collection of articles  or series of papers also known as thesis by published works,  or article thesis,  is a doctoral dissertation that, as opposed to a coherent monographis a collection of research papers with an introductory section consisting of summary chapters.
Ensure discussion is clear and concise A good starting point for a discussion section is an interpretation of your results: Faculty-specific recommendations and guidelines Faculty of Architecture and Fine Art: A longer description of methods may be a requirement from your institute or funding body, and it is definitely warranted when innovative methods are deployed, but again: Apples and pears Some of the differences between articles and theses are rather clear — consider word limits and the level of detail you should employ in your study.
There are few absolute requirements in the PhD regulations as concerns this kind of thesis and a lot will therefore depend on the individual thesis and the norms in the field as concerns number of articles, length of master thesis england article etc. Monograph A monograph is a unified text describing a specialist topic in detail written by a single author.
Authorship should entirely master thesis number of references based upon: Final tip of the day: Reformat the introduction as an abstract Writing an abstract can be difficult.
The short version in English: While abstracts in journal articles are usually much shorter words than the average thesis introduction, the two have one thing in common: The PhD candidate must be the sole author of the introductory part. If co-authorship with the supervisor is considered, this should be clarified as early as possible with the PhD candidate, and for each article separately.
In this webinar, Dr. The guidelines also descriptive dissertation provisions on the writing essay compare and contrast introduction section for these compilations, as well as on co-authorship. Other less used research essay on social justice are "sandwich thesis" and "stapler thesis". If the thesis includes previously published articles, the introductory section should also include eventual new information so that the thesis as a whole is academically up to writing essay compare and contrast introduction.
The introductory section should be written in English if all the articles are written in English, and can be written in Norwegian if one or more articles are written and published in Norwegian. Mendeley to make your life easier. If the thesis mainly consists of articles, you should normally be the main author or first author of at least half the articles.
When a thesis consists of several shorter papers, the article based phd thesis must include clarification concerning how they are interrelated.
Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology: This also includes a summary of the thesis' contribution to the research field. If there are co-authors for one or more articles, the candidate should consider an increase in the number of articles so that the independent contribution and comprehensive effort of the PhD candidate is evident.
Faculty of Medicine: A collection of articles should contain at least three scientific articles published in international journals. Collection of articles Collection of articles is the most common type of thesis at NTNU today and it is becoming increasingly common in fields that have previously been dominated by the monograph. These guidelines were revised by the programme board September 20, The candidate must be the main or first author of at least two articles.
Faculty-specific recommendations and guidelines A doctoral thesis may be written as a monograph or as a compendium of several shorter scientific or academic papers. Another form of compilation thesis is an essay thesis, comprising previously unpublished independent essays. Using your introduction and part of your discussion as a basis for your abstract can be a good starting point.
What makes a good personal statement for pa school collection of articles should contain at least three scientific articles in recognized international peer-reviewed journals. The introductory section The introductory section of the thesis shall not only summarize but also compare the research questions and conclusions that are presented in the articles in a holistic perspective, and through this demonstrate the coherence of the thesis.
They should include an extensive annotated bibliography or literature reviewplacing the scope and results of the articles in the wider context of current state of the international research.
When a thesis consists of several shorter papers, the thesis must include clarification concerning how they are interrelated. Be sure to catch the full webinar recordingentirely free, at the Elsevier Researcher Academy.