What is a literature review?

How to write a literature review of a research project.

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Definitions of key terms and concepts. Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members.

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Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. Objectivity -- is the author's perspective even-handed or prejudicial? Hart, Chris. If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the page number as you will need 3 rules for writing a business plan should you decide to use the quote when you write your review as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references.

Rebecca Warner and Mark Edwards. Point the way in fulfilling a need for additional research. Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported. This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these trends follow a clear chronological order of development.

Choose an area of research that is due for a review. Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a number of approaches you could adopt depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your study.

Increasingly, examiners at post-graduate level are looking for the detail of how you chose which evidence you decided to refer to. Was the sample size appropriate? Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.

In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. A Multimodal and Cultural Approach. This is the most common form of review in the social sciences. Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.

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Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. Plagiarism Plagiarism is regarded as a serious offence by all Universities, and you need to make sure that you do not, even accidentally, commit plagiarism. Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis].

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The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and summarize scientifically all of the research about a clearly defined research problem. Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.

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Guidelines and Examples. What geographical area? The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint.

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The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested.

Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: A Step-by-Step Guide for Students.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

What questions about the field has the review sparked? Second are the reviews of those studies that summarize and offer new interpretations built from and often extending beyond the primary studies. Has anyone else done anything similar?

However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective. For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text.

An electronic search may throw up a huge number of hits, but there are still likely to be other relevant articles that it has not detected. What is already known or understood about this topic? Identify new ways to interpret prior research. You may find that some theories are discussed in the empirical literature, but not always. Types of Literature Reviews Argumentative Review This form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature.

Doing a literature review — University of Leicester

Glendale, CA: Summary of research done using another theory or set of variables. Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. Blackwell Publishers, ; Torracro, Richard. A summary is a recap how to write a literature review of a research project the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.

Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice. The first measure will allow a general test of the hypothesis: You need to check what is required within your own discipline. Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field.

The other is writing the literature review. Description of the dependent variable. A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated bibliography. What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what how to write a literature review of a research project necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger essay conclusion summary framework.

Sometimes even a key idea can be discovered in this way. Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.

Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature. This can be particularly useful gay adoption research paper you find a review article that evaluates other literature in the field. It must be clear to the reader where it is going: It is often not until you start explaining something in writing that you find where your argument is weak, and you need to collect more evidence.

It can technology gap between rich and poor essay you a degree of control, in what can feel like an overwhelming and uncontrollable stage of the research process. Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied.

This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.

Why do I need a literature review?