Molecular and Cellular Life Sciences

Writing a discussion section in a research paper, events...

Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed.

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The most optimal approach to manuscript writing process is daily writing strategy where higher levels of motivation are persistently maintained. On the other hand references should be promptly put in place while writing the manuscript, Sorting, and placement of the references should not be left to the last moment.

This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data.

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Generally, after completion of the study, it is very difficult to solve the problems which might be discerned during the writing process. Subsequently, in the light of the current literature this finding is discussed, new ideas on this subject are revealed, and the paragraph ends with a concluding remark.

In conclusion, whoever the preferred referee will be, these internal, and external referees should respond the following questions objectively. Using first person can help emphasize a point or illustrate a contrasting finding.


Follow a logical stream of thought. Stage 3 Explain your results.

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Achievement of the shared duties within a predetermined time frame will sustain the motivation of the researchers, and prevent wearing out of updated data.

Note that you can make this decision to highlight specific studies after you have begun writing the discussion section.


Previously, similar articles might have been published, however innovative messages, and new perspectives on the relevant subject will facilitate acceptance of the article for publication. Consumption of a high cholesterol diet did not significantly increase blood cholesterol concentration over a 12 week period Figure 1. However the suitability of the title to the agenda of the target journal should be investigated beforehand.

The discussion section should remain focused on the findings of your study. These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why.

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If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data. This result should be interpreted with caution because each of the 3 subjects used in the analysis for the high-cholesterol group finished the study with an identical plasma cholesterol concentration of 8 mM probably coincidentally.

This approach is not recommended if you lack experience writing college-level research papers. Notice the additional parts of the discussion and what questions the new content is answering.

How to write a discussion section?

This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results than being part of the general research you cited to provide context and background information. Daily working requirements unrelated to the manuscript writing might intervene, and prolong manuscript writing process.

Importance of a Good Discussion The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: How to Write an Effective Discussion. Use the questions in the Content section and the stages mentioned here to help you to develop your argument in a logical way.

Interpretation is a subjective exercise.

  1. Comments coming from the reviewers should be criticized, but a defensive attitude should not be assumed during this evaluation process.
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Department of Biology. The Content The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes: Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources in your research paper are writing a discussion section in a research paper found in the discussion section.

This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. Two different approaches can be formulated on this issue? University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. In a future study, it is recommended that more subjects of both sexes be chosen; that meals of known cholesterol content are prepared for the subjects and that their compliance with the dietary regime be monitored effectively; and that each subject writing a discussion section in a research paper as their own control by consuming both diets in a randomised, cross-over sequence.

Reader's Guide

What is significant or important about your results? Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section.

Before concluding the discussion, identify potential limitations and weaknesses.

Avoid masters dissertation chapters jargon. For example, describing lessons learned, proposing recommendations that can help improve a situation, or recommending best practices. One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper.

University of Toronto; Sauaia, A. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. Department of Biology.

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If you choose to combine the results section and the discussion section into a single narrative, you must be clear in how you report the information discovered and your own interpretation of each finding.

Bates College; Hess, Dean R.

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How to write a discussion section? Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem. On the other hand in the last paragraph, future directions or potential clinical applications may be emphasized.

If a study that you writing a discussion section in a research paper disagrees with your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why the study's findings differ from yours. The introductory paragraph contains the main idea of performing the study in question. For example, if you studied the impact of foreign aid on increasing levels of education among the poor in Bangladesh, it's generally not appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim.

Use of the first person writing a discussion section in a research paper is generally acceptable.

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Each paragraph should contain opinions in favour or against the topic discussed, critical evaluations, and learning points. Problems to Avoid Do not waste entire sentences restating your results.

Importance of a Good Discussion